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Hydrodynamics and Stellar Winds

By Walter J. Maciel
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 3319043285
  • Pages : 178
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 501
  • File Pdf: hydrodynamics-and-stellar-winds.pdf

Book Summary:

Introduces hydrodynamics to undergraduate students in physics and astrophysics. Stellar winds are a common phenomenon in the life of stars, from the dwarfs like the Sun to the red giants and hot supergiants, constituting one of the basic aspects of modern astrophysics. Stellar winds are a hydrodynamic phenomenon in which circumstellar gases expand towards the interstellar medium. This book presents an elementary introduction to the fundamentals of hydrodynamics with an application to the study of stellar winds. The principles of hydrodynamics have many other applications, so that the book can be used as an introduction to hydrodynamics for students of physics, astrophysics and other related areas.

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Book Summary:

Studying the complex physical systems of stellar jets necessitates the incorporation of nonlinear effects which occur on a wide variety of length and timescales. One of the primary methods used to study the physics of jets is numerical simulations that apply high performance computing techniques. Such techniques are also required for analysing the huge modern astrophysical datasets. This book examines those computing techniques. It is a collection of the lectures from the fifth and final school of the JETSET network, "Jets From Young Stars V: High Performance Computing in Astrophysics." It begins with an introduction to parallel programming techniques, with an emphasis on Message Passing Interface (MPI), before it goes on to review grid technology techniques and offer a practical introduction to Virtual Observatory. The second half of the book, then, is devoted to applications of high performance computing techniques, including 3D radiation transfer, to jet and star formation processes. Aimed at graduate students in astrophysics, this book presents state-of-the-art methods, thereby offering interesting new insights to researchers in the field.

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The eleventh COSPAR colloquium The Outer Heliosphere: The Next Frontiers was held in Potsdam, Germany, from 24-28 July, 2000, and is the second dedicated to this subject after the first one held in Warsaw, Poland in 1989. Roughly a century has passed after the first ideas by Oliver Lodge, George Francis Fitzgerald and Kristan Birkeland about particle clouds emanating from the Sun and interacting with the Earth environment. Only a few decades after the formulation of the concepts of a continuous solar corpuscular radiation by Ludwig Bierman and a solar wind by Eugene Parker, heliospheric physics has evolved into an important branch of astrophysical research. Numerous spacecraft missions have increased the knowledge about the heliosphere tremendously. Now, at the beginning of a new millenium it seems possible, by newly developed propulasion technologies to send a spacecraft beyond the boundaries of the heliosphere. Such an Interstellar Proce will start the in-situ exploration of interstellar space and, thus, can be considered as the first true astrophysical spacecraft. The year 2000 appeared to be a highly welcome occassion to review the achievements since the last COSPAR Colloquia 11 years ago, to summarize the present developments and to give new impulse for future activities in heliospheric research.

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  • File Pdf: cosmic-electrodynamics.pdf

Book Summary:

This book presents the fundamental concepts of the theory, illustrated by numerous examples of astrophysical applications. Classical concepts are combined with new developments and the authors demarcate what is well established and what is still under debate. To book illustrates how apparently complicated phenomena can be addressed and understood using well-known physical principles and equations within appropriate approximations and simplifications. For this purpose, a number of astrophysical examples are considered in greater detail than what is normally presented in a regular textbook. In particular, a number of nonlinear self-consistent models are considered, which is motivated by the latest observational data and modern theory.

Diffuse Matter from Star Forming Regions to Active Galaxies

By T.W. Hartquist,J. M. Pittard,S.A.E.G. Falle
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 1402054254
  • Pages : 343
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 284
  • File Pdf: diffuse-matter-from-star-forming-regions-to-active-galaxies.pdf

Book Summary:

John Dyson has contributed to the study of the hydrodynamic processes that govern a wide variety of astrophysical sources which he has helped explain. In this volume dedicated to him, introductory reviews to a number of the key processes and to the sources themselves are given by leading experts. The book provides a coherent introduction to the astrophysics of diffuse sources suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in astrophysics.

Solar-Type Activity in Main-Sequence Stars

By Roald E. Gershberg
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 3540282432
  • Pages : 496
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 798
  • File Pdf: solar-type-activity-in-main-sequence-stars.pdf

Book Summary:

The first comprehensive monograph on this active and productive field of research investigates solar-type activity amongst the large spectrum of low- and middle-mass main sequence stars, and presents the subject in a systematic and comprehensive fashion.

Procs Of The 21st Century Chinese Astronomy Conf: Dedicated To Prof C C Lin

By Chan K L,Cheng K S
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn : 9814545775
  • Pages : 556
  • Category :
  • Reads : 635
  • File Pdf: procs-of-the-21st-century-chinese-astronomy-conf.pdf

Book Summary:

As a country with 5000 years of history, China has made tremendous contributions to astronomy. The 21st century marks the beginning of a new era for the astronomy of that country. This is the proceedings of a conference held to honour Prof C C Lin — the leading Chinese astronomer in the world academic community — on his 80th birthday

Stars and Star Systems

By B.E. Westerlund
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 9400994400
  • Pages : 282
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 841
  • File Pdf: stars-and-star-systems.pdf

Book Summary:

The 4th European Regional Meeting in Astronomy, entitled "Stars and Star Systems", was held in Uppsala, Sweden, on August 7 -12, 1978. It was attended by 228 participants from 24 countries. Over 100 papers were presented; this required parallel sessions throughout the Meeting. Financial support was given by the IAU, the Swedish Department of Education, the Swedish Natural Science Research Council, the Swedish Institute and the University of Uppsala. The members of the Scientific and Local Organizing Committees are listed below, and I thank all of them for their contributions to the Meeting. The Meeting was divided into six sections, according to the scien tific topics: Galaxies (A) - including galactic structure and star for mation; High-Energy Astrophysics (B); Stars (C); Interstellar Processes (D); Astronomical Instrumentation (E) and Education in Astronomy (F). In each section a number of Invited Papers were presented as well as a large number of contributed papers. In addition, each day a General Lecture was given by an Invited Speaker. The present volume contains all the General Lectures and all the Invited Papers presented during the Meeting. In three cases, however, and for various reasons, only brief summaries have been available. Abstracts of the contributed papers may be found in Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, Report No. 12.

Birth and Evolution of Massive Stars and Stellar Groups

By Wilfried Boland,Hugo van Woerden
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 9400954786
  • Pages : 396
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 880
  • File Pdf: birth-and-evolution-of-massive-stars-and-stellar-groups.pdf

Book Summary:

Proceedings of a Symposium held in Dwingeloo, The Netherlands, September 24-26, 1984 in honour of Adriaan Blaauw on the occasion of his 70th birthday

Literature 1988, Part 1

By U. Esser,H. Hefele,Inge Heinrich,W. Hofmann,D. Krahn,V. R. Matas,Dr. Lutz D. Schmadel,G. Zech
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 3662123649
  • Pages : 1260
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 334
  • File Pdf: literature-1988-part-1.pdf

Book Summary:

From the reviews: "Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts has appeared in semi-annual volumes since 1969 and it has already become one of the fundamental publications in the fields of astronomy, astrophysics and neighbouring sciences. It is the most important English-language abstracting journal in the mentioned branches. ...The abstracts are classified under more than a hundred subject categories, thus permitting a quick survey of the whole extended material. The AAA is a valuable and important publication for all students and scientists working in the fields of astronomy and related sciences. As such it represents a necessary ingredient of any astronomical library all over the world." Space Science Reviews#1 "Dividing the whole field plus related subjects into 108 categories, each work is numbered and most are accompanied by brief abstracts. Fairly comprehensive cross-referencing links relevant papers to more than one category, and exhaustive author and subject indices are to be found at the back, making the catalogues easy to use. The series appears to be so complete in its coverage and always less than a year out of date that I shall certainly have to make a little more space on those shelves for future volumes." The Observatory Magazine#2

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2012 Edition

By
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Isbn : 1481645536
  • Pages : 732
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 771
  • File Pdf: issues-in-astronomy-and-astrophysics.pdf

Book Summary:

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Planetary Science. The editors have built Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Planetary Science in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.